Saudi Arabia, officially known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, is the largest Arab state in Western Asia by land area (above 2,1 million km2 ), constituting the bulk of the Arabian Peninsula, and the second-largest geographically in the Arab world. It is bordered by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen in the south. It is the only nation with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid inhospitable desert or barren landforms.
The best tourism places in Saudi Arabia are:
The Kingdom Centre skyscraper (www.kingdomcentre.com.sa), located in Riyadh, is the tallest building in the country and the 25th tallest building in the world. Among its 41 stories, the Kingdom Centre houses a shopping mall that features more than 160 prestigious stores and shops, including Saks Fifth Avenue, Mont Blanc and Marks & Spencer. The building is also home to offices, international fine dining restaurants and a five-star Four Seasons Hotel with a banquet hall. The Kingdom Centre has 41 elevators, 22 escalators and enough parking for up to 3,000 vehicles.
Al Musmak Castle (no website; Imam Turki bin Abdullah, Riyadh; 01-411-0091) is an ancient structure that plays an integral part in the country’s history, due to its association with a historic battle. The castle is open for viewing as a museum that celebrates the birth of Saudi Arabia under the rule of King Abdulaziz during the late 13th and early 14th centuries.
Al Maktaba Park (no website; Olaya Quarter, Olaya Street, Riyadh), covering 54 acres, has existed since the year 1410. The park features a waterfall opposite the facility entrance and an artificial pool that follows an east-west path through the park. You’ll find several resting places that are shaded by trees throughout the park. A clock tower that’s visible from a far distance is the park’s centerpiece.
Mecca also transliterated Makkah is a city in the Hejaz in Saudi Arabia. It is the capital of that kingdom’s Makkah Region. The city is located 70 km (43 mi) inland from Jeddah in a narrow valley at a height of 277 m (909 ft) above sea level. Its resident population in 2012 was roughly 2 million, although visitors more than triple this number every year during the hajj (“pilgrimage”) period held in the twelfth Muslim lunar month of Dhu al-Hijjah.
Medina, also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz, and the capital of the Al Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia. The city contains al-Masjid an-Nabawi (“the Prophet’s Mosque”), which is the burial place of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and is the second-holiest city in Islam after Mecca.